Egocentric sectionalism and the rise of Southern Nationalism, compounded by increasingly poor race relations , were key factors in creating the conditions whereby a civil war could occur – a notion supported by evidence from key political figures at the time, such as Lincoln and Stephens. These two sociopolitical phenomena seem to have fed back into each other, whereby the exposure of regional difference incited the growth of Southern Nationalism, which in turn represented an exacerbation of provincial differences. These developments led to what appeared to be an irresolvable struggle over political power between the North and South, resulting in the American Civil War.
Fighting for Both Sides in the War
Charles Ball, as a free man, was lucky enough to have a choice. Besides the Navy and privateering, there were even a few black battalions in the American army. But for most American slaves, the options were limited to the British navy. When the British fleet arrived in the Chesapeake Bay in March 1813, entire families of slaves made their way by canoe to the enemy ships. The British commanders had orders to welcome these refugee slaves, but also to take care not to encourage an outright rebellion against their white masters. The British did not want insurrection among blacks to spread to their own slave-holding territories in the West Indies.