The following day, Abuelita is transported to a nunnery, which is where she will spend her recovery. Esperanza is sad to see her Abuelita go, but she hopes that her grandmother will eventually join them in California. With their legal papers arranged, Esperanza and Mama prepare to leave Mexico. In a poignant moment that reveals just how much their lives have changed, Esperanza and her mother dress in donated clothes from the “poor box.” In the middle of the night, Mama wakes Esperanza and they leave el Rancho de las Rosas for the last time.
July, the Senate rejected the bonus 62 to 18. Most of the protesters went home, aided by
Hoover's offer of free passage on the rails. Ten thousand remained behind, among them a
hard core of Communists and other organizers. On the morning of July 28, forty protesters
tried to reclaim an evacuated building in downtown Washington scheduled for demolition.
The city's police chief, Pellham Glassford, sympathetic to the marchers, was knocked down
by a brick. Glassford's assistant suffered a fractured skull. When rushed by a crowd, two
other policemen opened fire. Two of the marchers were killed.
Bud Fields and his family. Alabama. 1935 or 1936. Photographer: Walker Evans.
Squatter's Camp, Route 70, Arkansas, October, 1935.
Photographer: Ben Shahn
Philipinos cutting lettuce, Salinas, California, 1935. Photographer: Dorothea Lange.
In order to maximize their ability to exploit farm workers, California employers recruited from China, Japan, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Mexico, the American south, and Europe.
Roadside stand near Birmingham, Alabama, 1936. Photographer: Walker Evans.
Farmer and sons, dust storm, Cimarron County, Oklahoma, 1936. Photographer: Arthur Rothstein.
The drought that helped cripple agriculture in the Great Depression was the worst in the climatological history of the country. By 1934 it had dessicated the Great Plains, from North Dakota to Texas, from the Mississippi River Valley to the Rockies. Vast dust storms swept the region.
Migrant pea pickers camp in the rain. California, February, 1936. Photographer: Dorothea Lange.
In one of the largest pea camps in California. February, 1936. Photographer: Dorothea Lange.
The photograph that has become known as "Migrant Mother" is one of a series of photographs that Dorothea Lange made in February or March of 1936 in Nipomo, California. Lange was concluding a month's trip photographing migratory farm labor around the state for what was then the Resettlement Administration. In 1960, Lange gave this account of the experience: I saw and approached the hungry and desperate mother, as if drawn by a magnet. I do not remember how I explained my presence or my camera to her, but I do remember she asked me no questions. I made five exposures, working closer and closer from the same direction. I did not ask her name or her history. She told me her age, that she was thirty-two. She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food. There she sat in that lean- to tent with her children huddled around her, and seemed to know that my pictures might help her, and so she helped me. There was a sort of equality about it. (From: Popular Photography , Feb. 1960).
1. I confess, there are some men’s constitutions of body and mind so vigorous, and well built by nature…(para. 1)
2. The little, or almost insensible impressions on our tender infancies, have very important and lasting consequences.. (para. 1)
3. Those therefore that intend ever to govern their children, should begin it while they are very little, and look that they perfectly comply with the will of their parents.()
4. …and on the contrary, imperiousness and severity is but an ill way of treating men…(para. 2)
5. In all the whole business of education, there is nothing like to be less hearken’d to, or harder to be well observed…(para. 3)
6. I think this province requires great sobriety, temperance, tenderness, diligence, and discretion…(para 3)
7. … rather as minding them of what they forget, than by harsh rebukes and chiding, as if they were willfully guilty. (para. 5)
8. Nothing but o bstinacy should meet with any imperiousness or rough usage. (para. 7)
9. …the original way of learning a language by conversation not only serves well enough, but is to be preferred as the most expedite , proper and natural. (para. eight )