As you can see from the map, each state carries its own symbols as well as the national symbols such as the stars and stripes. The interesting thing is that these geographic or state-line symbols have begun to erode because of transportation and communication systems, while at the same time some people are still fiercely attached to their own region. As we did when we examined British symbols, focus on a symbol that has a connection to American culture overall, or one that is a specific symbol that exemplifies a certain type of Americanism. Old or new, concentrated or diffuse, it does not matter.
A biographical note for the author of an article on Jan. 10 about the influence of American ideas on the treatment of mental illness abroad misidentified the publisher of his new book. Ethan Watters’s ‘‘Crazy Like Us: The Globalization of the American Psyche’’ was just published by Free Press, not Basic Books. The article also gave an outdated name for a patient advocacy organization that has supported a biomedical view of mental illness. It is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, no longer the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill.
After World War I, the emphasis on Americanization programs was gradually shifted from emergency propaganda to a long-time educational program, when a study of conditions in the draft army made by the United States Surgeon General 's office showed that 18% to 42% of the men in army camps were unable to read a newspaper or to write a letter home, and that in the Northern and Midwestern United States these illiterates were almost entirely foreign born. Indications were that barriers to any understanding of . aims and interests were even more marked than this among the older men and the women in the foreign colonies of the . Hundreds of Americanization agencies sprang up overnight.